Diabetes is a serious health condition that affects approximately 30 million Americans over the age of 18. As a family practitioner and doctor of osteopathic medicine, Gerald D. Rana, Jr., DO, DPH, takes a holistic, individualized approach to helping his patients successfully manage diabetes. At Rana’s Family Medical Clinic in Wilburton, Oklahoma, Dr. Rana identifies areas of your lifestyle and helps you make positive changes. To receive exceptional, personalized medical care for diabetes, call to schedule an appointment or book online, today. Same-day appointments are often available.
There are two main types of diabetes: Type 1 and type 2. Additionally, it’s possible for women to get gestational diabetes during pregnancy. In all instances of the disease, your body is either unable to produce enough insulin to process blood sugar, or you are resistant to insulin and sugar builds up in your blood.
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which your immune system attacks and destroys cells in your pancreas where you produce insulin. Though doctors don’t know exactly why this happens to some people, type 1 diabetes usually develops suddenly. You may be at risk for type 1 diabetes if:
Exposure to some environmental factors may also trigger your immune system to destroy pancreas cells, but the evidence is inconclusive.
Type 2 diabetes happens gradually as your body becomes resistant to insulin and sugar builds up in your bloodstream. Your body still produces insulin, but it isn’t as effective at regulating your sugar levels as it once was. This insulin resistance has clear causes and those most at risk of developing type 2 diabetes:
You are also at a higher risk for type 2 diabetes if you had gestational diabetes or you have the signs of prediabetes.
With both type 1 and type 2 diabetes, some common symptoms include:
Additionally, with type 1 diabetes you may experience irritability, fruity-smelling breath, and nausea. Women sometimes have an increased number of yeast infections.
A diagnosis of type 1 diabetes means you’ll have to supplement your body’s insulin, usually through an injection. In some cases, an insulin pump injects your body with the appropriate dose of insulin.
Type 2 diabetes often responds well to lifestyle changes, such as diet and exercise. Eating a diet high in fresh fruits, vegetables, and low-fat proteins along with avoiding foods that are high in sugar can help you manage type 2 diabetes and keep symptoms under control. It’s a good idea to exercise for 30 minutes a day and lose weight.
To learn how to manage diabetes long term, call to schedule an appointment, or book online today.